Gum disease is an inflammation that can damage tissues supporting the teeth. Bacterial plaque is the main culprit. Gum disease begins with subtle signs, such as bleeding when you brush or sensitivity to touch. In later stages, the teeth become mobile, possibly fall out, and infections develop. Some people at risk should be particularly monitored by their local General Dentistry in DC.
What is gum disease?
Gum disease (or periodontal disease) is an inflammation of the tissues supporting the teeth. It is due to the accumulation of bacteria (called plaque) at the junction between the teeth and gums. Early in the disease, inflammation affects the gums. If the process spreads to the ligaments and bones that support and surround the teeth, then it is called periodontitis. Widespread in adults, gum disease may also involve children or young people. Periodontal disease increases with age as well.
The causes of gum disease
Bacterial plaque is the major cause of gum disease. This plaque is a whitish substance which is deposited on the teeth each day, particularly at the junction between the teeth and gums. It is composed of elements like saliva, bacteria and food debris. It is favored by inadequate oral hygiene. If it’s not removed with toothbrush and flossing, it hardens and turns into tartar. This is a solid limestone deposit that adheres to the tooth surface. Tartar can, over time, cause chronic infection. Other factors increase the risk of developing gum disease including:
2. Consumption of alcohol or drugs
4. Hormonal changes, especially among women at puberty, during pregnancy or menopause
5. Vitamin C or calcium deficiency
6. A decrease in the body’s defenses during fatigue, stress or because of a disease that weakens the immune system (type 1 or type 2 uncontrolled diabetes, leukemia, HIV, etc.)
7. Taking certain medications (cancer chemotherapy)
8. Injury gum due to brushing too hard, for example.
The advice of your General Dentistry in DC is recommended to diagnose and investigate the cause of gum disease. In most cases, gum disease develops slowly, often without pain. However, some subtle signs on the gums can be revealing. If you have at least one of these signs, it is advisable to consult a dentist or a periodontist. Indeed, once the stage hits gingivitis, the disease is reversible. However, if it is not treated, it can get worse. Contact your dentist or click here to investigate more info.
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